Stockholm Royal Palace (Sweden. Kungliga slottet) is the official residence of the Swedish monarch on the front promenade of the island of Stadsholmen in the centre of Stockholm.
In the Middle ages on the site of the Palace stood Stockholm castle, founded by Birger Jarl to protect the waterway from the Baltic to mälaren. With the construction of this castle began the history of the city of Stockholm.
When Johan III gloomy castle was replaced by an elegant residence, designed in the spirit of the Renaissance. By the end of the XVII century it was considered outdated, and in 1690-97 a Baroque Palace was built in its place under the project of Tessin the Younger. It should be noted that until the New time the Royal Palace continued to serve not only as a place of accommodation of the Royal family, but also the government of Sweden.
At the Bernadotte gallery
May 7, 1697 barely completed Palace burned to the ground, and Tessin began construction of the now existing building of 600 rooms, with a facade length of 120 meters. It is interesting that the famous fire of 1697, which also nearly killed the Royal family and burned the body of the deceased shortly before the fire of king Charles XI, began in the chambers of the FireMaster, responsible for fire safety of the Palace.
Due to economic difficulties, the construction of the new building of the Palace was delayed until 1754, and the North-West wing was completed only in 1760. Like the Madrid Royal Palace, the residence of the Swedish kings, with its heavy symmetrical masses, owes its appearance to the remaining unembodied Bernini project Palazzo Barberini.