The lower Park, which is an elongated triangle, has an area of about 102 hectares. The Park stretches from West to East along the edge of the Gulf of Finland for 2.5 kilometers, while its length from South to North is only 500 meters. The architect I. F. Braunstein, J. B. Leblond, M. G. Zemtsov according to plan of Peter I
Ensemble of the Central part
Fountain “Samson tearing the lion’s mouth.” According to the original plan in the center of the Grand cascade was to be the figure of Hercules, defeating the Hydra of Lerna, but during the construction of Hercules was replaced by Samson, tearing the lion’s mouth. It is believed that the figure of Samson appeared in connection with the Poltava victory of Russian troops over the Swedes, won on the day of Sampson of the stranger. The lion communicates with Sweden, as this symbol is present on the coat of arms of the country to the present day.
The fountain-monument was established in 1735.
The fountain was badly damaged during the great Patriotic war. The original statue of Samson was lost. In 1941, during the offensive of the Nazis at Leningrad, Samson was quickly dismantled, transported and buried in the vicinity of Peterhof employees of the Museum, on the way back, a truck came under fire and all the protesters were killed. The place with the “burial” of the statue of Samson remains unknown. The restored ensemble, but with a gilded statue, was opened on September 14, 1947.