Versailles being constructed under the leadership of Louis XIV in 1661, and became a kind of monument to the era of “sun king”, the architectural expression of the idea of absolutism. Leading architects Louis and Left Jules Hardouin-Mansart, the Creator of the Park andré Le nôtre. The ensemble of Versailles, the largest in Europe, has a unique integrity of design and the harmony of architectural forms and transformed the landscape. With the end of the XVII century Versailles served as a model for official country residences of European monarchs and aristocracy, but direct imitations it.
From 1666 to 1789, the years before the French revolution, Versailles was the official Royal residence. In 1801, received the status of a Museum and is open to the public; in 1830, the Museum was the whole architectural complex of Versailles; in 1837, the Royal Palace was opened Museum of the history of France. In 1979, the Versailles Palace and Park are included in the list of world cultural heritage of UNESCO.